Skin Cancer

13 Nov

CancerThere are several types of skin cancer, but the most common are basal cell and squamous. Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that originates in melanocytes (cells that contain melanin, a pigment responsible for tanning) and is the most aggressive, because it can spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic vessels or blood. Generally attacks people whose skin is damaged by the sun and its incidence is higher in women.

The two types of common skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are highly curable. However, the melanoma, the third type of common skin cancer is more dangerous.

Symptoms of skin cancer

Skin cancer can manifest itself in many different ways. The most common sign is a change in texture or color of skin, a wound that will not heal or a small lump soft and shiny or reddish brown, or red flat area.

Not all skin changes are caused by cancer, but it is always advisable to consult a doctor. Signs of a possible melanoma are changes in the appearance of moles (hardening, swelling, color changes, mainly growth) itchy, runny or bleeding. Men have a higher incidence of melanomas on the trunk, head or neck, while women tend to present in the arms and legs.

Skin cancer prevention

The best way to prevent skin cancer is sun protection.

Use a waterproof sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15 every time you’re out.

Avoid outdoor activities between 10:00 am and 4:00 pm, when the sun is most intense.

Wear a hat and sunglasses

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